What are Infix, Prefix and Postfix notations ?
Infix, Prefix & Postfix notations are 3 different (but equivalent) ways to write a mathematical expression.
The ‘In’, ‘Pre’ and ‘Post’ in the notations represents the relative position at which operator will come:
Usual notation in constructing algebraic expression such that operator appears between two operands. It is ambiguous and requires knowledge of operator hierarchy for its evaluation. For example: If the expression is
A + B * C
Then we should know that we have to perform the multiplication (B*C) before the addition. Hence, the expression is evaluated as A+(B*C) and is different from (A+B)*C.
Parentheses can also be used to override operator hierarchy. So if an expression is
(A + B) * C
Then the addition will be performed before the multiplication.
The usual rules of ‘Order of Evaluation’ and Associativity also comes into picture in this form of notation.
Operators are written before the operand. This is also called Polish Notation.
Hence, A+B will be written as +AB. The expression A+B*C is an Infix expression and the equivalent Prefix expression will be +A*BC. the conversion from Infix to Prefix will be done as below:
The operator in Red color is the operator under consideration (while converting from Infox to Prefix) and operands in blue are the operands under consideration (Note that *BC is the single operand of + operator).
Operator comes after the Operand. This is also called ‘Reverse Polish’ Notation.
Hence, A+B will be written as AB+. The expression A+B*C is an Infix expression and the equivalent Postfix expression will be ABC*+. The conversion (from Infix to Postfix) will be as below: